All About Dry Eyes: The Causes, Effects, and Prevention of Dry Eyes

May 28, 2019 by eyecare0
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The condition of dry eyes is chronic and progressive. Depending on its cause and severity, it may not even be curable in some people. It can be managed, resulting in eye comfort, sharper vision, and fewer dry eye symptoms. 

Causes

Dry eyes occur when tears are not able to provide adequate lubrication for your eyes either because they do not produce enough of them or because they are of poor quality. Dry eyes is often caused by dry environments, computer use, reading, schoolwork, and other close viewing situations that require focus for lengthy periods of time.  In this way, you may only experience dry eyes in certain situations/ environments such as on airplanes, in air-conditioned rooms, riding bikes, or looking at screens. 

Different things cause different dry eye symptoms. Environmental stressors such as wind, smoke, and dry air can be causes of increased tear evaporation whereas decreased or poor quality tear production can be caused by aging, medical conditions, side effects of medications, and/or tear duct damage from inflammation. 

Effects

If you experience dry eyes, you may feel:

      Discomfort

      Stinging or burning sensations

      Stringy mucus in or around your eyes

      Sensitivity to light

      Eye redness

      Sensation of having something in your eyes

      Difficulty wearing contact lenses

      Difficulty driving at night

      Watery eyes (the body’s response to irritation of dry eyes, different from tear production)

      Blurred vision or eye fatigue

      Itchy eyes

      Heavy eyes

      Sore eyes

Prevention

You can prevent the symptoms of dry eyes by:

      Avoid air blowing into your eyes

      Adding moisture to the air

      Wearing wraparound sunglasses or other protective eyewear

      Taking breaks during long, focused tasks

      Being aware of your environment

      Positioning your computer screen below eye level

      Stop smoking and avoid smoke

      Use artificial tears regularly

When To See a Doctor

See a doctor if you are suffering from these dry eye symptoms and experiencing extreme discomfort and pain. Your optometrist can help you determine the best way to fix your dry eye problem and/or refer you to a specialist if necessary. 

Don’t struggle through the discomfort of dry eyes. This article and your optometrist can help you understand the condition better in order to get appropriate treatment. If you are looking for an Eye Clinic that prioritizes eye health, call us at one of our locations to book an appointment and we’ll be happy to assist you. 

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