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Vision is a learned process. It requires ideal conditions for proper development. If these conditions are not ideal and the brain receives abnormal or unequal visual input during infancy or childhood, it results in a condition called Amblyopia or “lazy eye”.

A child with Amblyopia or Lazy Eye develops what appears to be a slow-reactive eye because the nerve pathways from the eye to the brain are underdeveloped. This underdevelopment means that the affected eye will send fewer neuro-electrical signals to the brain than the unaffected eye, making it appear “lazy”. If left untreated, the pathways through which these signals travel may weaken and not develop properly, damaging the child’s vision.

Amblyopia causes loss of vision in one or both eyes before the age of 6. It is caused by either an eye turn, a deprivation or from refractive error. This vision damage and/ or loss of vision caused by Amblyopia affects the efficiency of the visual system as the patient looses their binocularity. Amblyopia can also negatively effect:

  • Depth perception
  • Reading and learning abilities
  • Sports abilities
  • Navigation
  • And more

Treatment options include a combination of eyeglasses, drops, vision therapy, and/ or eye patching. Vision therapy will teach patients how to use their two eyes as a team. This type of treatment should be done at an early age, upon diagnosis, as the prognosis will be better due to the child’s brain being highly plastic.

If your child has been diagnosed with Amblyopia, treatment is available to prevent further vision loss. Visit Dr. D’Orio Eye Care Optometrists in North York to have your child examined and/or treated for Amblyopia. Call us now at: 416.661.5555 (North York location) or 416.656.2020 (Toronto location) and Dr. D’Orio Eye Care Associates will be happy to assist you.


Many studies concerning vision around the world shows that eyesight is quickly deteriorating. Not only is it deteriorating, but it is also deteriorating at a younger age, leaving more and more children to suffer with vision issues such as lazy eye, astigmatism, and myopia. This is happening on a global scale at an alarming rate, especially in terms of myopia.

Myopia, otherwise known as nearsightedness, is causing many people (especially children) to have problems with their distant vision. This therefore affects other aspects in their lives and creates a much bigger problem than the already existing issue of poor vision.  These issues include performance in school, social development, and vision in everyday scenarios.

There are many things that parents can do in order to reduce their child’s risk of myopia. Here are a couple helpful ways to do that:

Let Them Go Outside To Play
Spending more time outdoors ensures that the eye is trained to see far. This is because it is constantly being used in order to see distances and be aware of surroundings. When a child spends all their time indoors, the opposite occurs where only their near vision is necessary and their distant vision does not get exercised therefore leading to the development of Myopia.

Reduce Device Exposure
Children often get wrapped up in their devices whether it’s their cell phones, tablets, computer screens, or TV screens. This is damaging to their eye health in many ways and significantly raises their chances of developing Myopia because your child’s vision is only required for close range. Ensure that your child takes frequent breaks from using their devices and get them instead to enjoy activities that encourage use of their vision for distance.

Visit Your Optometrist
Reducing your child’s risk for Myopia is as easy as visiting your optometrist regularly. Receiving regular eye exams allows your optometrist to monitor your child’s eye development and spot potential myopia before it becomes too great of an issue. If nearsightedness is detected, your optometrist will also be able to suggest treatments such as atropine drops, glasses/ contacts, orthokeratology, or any other treatment that they see fit. These specific modalities of treatment help reduce the progression of myopia.

If you suspect nearsightedness in your child, visit Dr. D’Orio Eye Care, optometrists in North York & Toronto, to get the treatment your child needs: 416.661.5555 (North York location) or 416.656.2020 (Toronto location).


If you suffer from Belpharitis, you know how uncomfortable the state of your eyes can get. This condition is identified by the chronic inflammation of the eye region due to overgrowth of bacteria on the eyelashes.This can make the eyes dry, irritated, and visually unappealing. Thankfully, technology has advanced far in the world of eye health and a new tool has been created to help people who suffer with belpharitis.

This new technology is called BlephEx. It is a revolutionary, patented new tool that will clean along the edge of your eyelids and lashes to remove debris, dead skin, or anything else caused by the condition of Belpharitis. This small hand-held device has a medical grade spinning sponge to help relieve people who suffer from Belpharitis.

Dr. D’Orio & Associates recognize that our patients can suffer from a variety of different conditions so we have invested in the best technologies to help you. When it comes to Belpharitis, or simply wanting your eyes cleaned periodically for hygienic reasons, the BlephEx system is the best in the world.

The procedure is painless and entirely safe. You can rest easy in our hands knowing that the BlephEx machine will simply clean and exfoliate your eyelids with a gentle, rotating sponge.  And, it only takes 6-8 minutes!

Never worry about overgrowing bacteria and potential damage to your eyelid and tear glands again. Our in-office Blepharitis treatment can help you get the treatment that you need. If you have Belpharitis, visit D’Orio & Associates, Optometrists in Toronto & North York, and talk to one of our experts to find out if BlephEx is right for you. You can book an appointment online and we’ll be happy to assist you.


The OptoMap imaging system is an advanced new technology that allows for a complete and comprehensive eye exam. It allows for wide field digital imaging of your retina. Essentially, it is a useful tool that will give your optometrist more knowledge and insight into your eye health. This in turn allows your optometrist to make more informed decisions about your eye health.

The details about the OptoMap are what make it special and useful for every eye exam. This technology allows for 200 degrees of retinal imaging rather than the typical 45 degrees. In other words, using the OptoMap for retinal imaging allows your doctor to be able to see 80% of your eyes rather than just the regular 10-45%. This gives your doctor a larger range of information to work with to correctly assess and treat you.

At Dr. D’Orio & Associates, we use this technology so that we may have an enhanced view of your eye. It allows us to not only access your condition and maintain health, but also to detect potential issues early on. The OptoMap is especially useful in detecting eye conditions such as Diabetic Retinopathy, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Glaucoma, and Hypertension. This technology therefore ensures that you receive the highest quality of care and the care that you deserve.

Regardless of age or current eye health state, everyone should be getting retinal imaging via the OptoMap. During your next visit, ask about retinal imaging. At Dr. D’Orio & Associates, we proudly service any willing client with our OptoMap technology.

If you are looking for an Eye Clinic that prioritizes eye health, call us at one of our locations to book an appointment and we’ll be happy to assist you.


Cancer can strike any part of a person’s body—eyes are no exception. Eye cancer is also referred to as eye melanoma. Just like with any other type of cancer or disease, eye cancer has a set of different risk factors and potential causes that make a person’s chances of developing eye cancer greater. It is important to know what these risk factors are in order to be prepared.

Some risk factors include the following:

  • Lighter Eye Colours- people with lighter eyes are more likely to develop eye cancer than people with dark eyes
  • Age and Gender- eye cancer can develop at any time but the risk goes up as you get older. It is also more common in men than in women.
  • Certain Inherited Conditions – people with dysplastic nevus syndrome (many abnormal moles on skin), oculodermalmelanocytosis/ nevus of Ota(brown spots on the uvea), and BAP1 cancer syndrome (rare) are at a higher risk of developing eye cancer.

Some other risk factors that remain unproven are:

  • Sun exposure- to much exposure to genuine and artificial sunlight can cause all types of melanoma including uveal or conjunctival melanoma of the eye.
  • Skin melanoma- those with history of skin melanoma have an increased risk of getting eye melanoma.
  • Smoking- smoking affects all parts of the body, including the eyes and increases risk of eye melanoma.

You can’t change your age, eye colour, or preexisting conditions, but there are other things that you can do to decrease your chances of developing eye cancer. Not smoking, wearing sunglasses, and other sun protection is just the beginning. Also, be sure to visit your optometrist at least once a year to ensure that your eyes stay in a healthy condition. If you are looking for an Eye Clinic that prioritizes eye health, call us at one of our locations to book an appointment for a retinal image and we’ll be happy to assist you. At Dr. D’Orio Eye Care we use retinal imaging to better diagnose and treat eye conditions.  Latest technology like the Optos allows us to scan the retina for signs of various health conditions. Book your appointment today.


Dry eye is a condition where an individual doesn’t have enough quality tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears are necessary for maintaining the health of the front surface of the eye and for providing clear vision. It is a common and often chronic problem particularly in older adults.

Dry eyes feel uncomfortable. If you have dry eyes, your eyes may sting or burn. You may experience dry eyes in certain situations, such as on an airplane, in an air-conditioned room, while riding a bike or after looking at a computer screen for a few hours.

Dry eyes can result from:

  • An imbalance in the tear mixture causing the tears to evaporate too fast
  • Eyelid problems
  • Certain medication
  • Environmental factors
  • After the age of 40, tear production tends to diminish. When it drops to a certain point, the eyes can become dry and easily irritated and inflamed. This is more common in women, especially after menopause.

You can take the following steps to reduce symptoms of dry eyes:

  • Remember to blink regularly when reading or staring at a computer screen for long periods of time.
  • Increase the humidity in the air at work and at home.
  • Wear sunglasses outdoors (particularly those with wraparound frames) to reduce exposure to wind and the sun.
  • Nutritional supplements containing essential fatty acids may help decrease dry eye symptoms in some people. Ask your optometrist if taking dietary supplements could help your dry eye problems.
  • Drink plenty of water (8 to 10 glasses per day) to avoid dehydration.

To better determine if you suffer from dry eye, take our online test. Your dry eye symptoms do not have to persist. At Dr. D’Orio Eye Care we use the latest technology available to better diagnose and treat dry eyes.  The equipment available at Dr. D’Orio includes Blephex, Inflammadry, Tearlab, Antares S40PTIK andiLux Device.

Book an appointment with us today by visiting our website or call us at 416 656 2020 (Toronto) / 416 661 5555 (North York).


Dry eyes are a common condition experienced by millions of people. While occasional redness
and itching can be irritating, chronic cases can cause infection and affect your vision.

Dryness can be caused by many things including aging, certain medications, or binge-watching
TV. The symptoms may include feeling like you have something in your eye, blurred vision, and
sensitivity to light.

Whatever the cause, you can reduce the symptoms of dry eyes and find dry eye relief. Consider
these lifestyle adjustments and effective treatments that will help you stop rubbing your eyes and
worsen your conditions.

Lifestyle Adjustments to Soothe Dry Eyes

1. Blink more. The water, oil, and antibodies in tears moisten your eyes and fight infection.
When you blink, they spread across your eyes in a protective film. Practice full blinks by
gently squeezing your upper and lower lids until they touch, and holding them together for
about 2 seconds.

2. Roll your eyes. Moving your eyes stimulates tear production too. Roll them side to side or
up and down.

3. Massage your eyelids. Place a finger on your upper lid, and gently roll it around in small
circles. The pressure will squeeze tears out of your glands.

4. Change your diet. What you eat affects your eyes. Spicy foods may dry them out, while
some studies show that fish oil from natural sources or supplements can have the opposite

5. Check the weather. Indoor heating and air conditioning both dry out the air so you may
want to adjust your thermostat. You may also be more comfortable if you stay out of drafts
and wear sunglasses when it’s windy.

6. Spend more time off-line. Blinking slows down when you’re staring at computer or TV
screens or even reading books. Take a break every half hour.

7. Remove your contacts. If your contact lenses are the culprit, buy cleaning solutions
formulated for sensitive eyes. Cut down on the number of hours you wear your lenses during
the day and take them out before you go to bed each night.

8. Measure your lashes. Scientists have discovered that each animal species tends to have
lashes that are one-third the size of their eyes. When they’re longer, they actually funnel grit
into the eyes. It’s one more good reason to go easy on the mascara, and think twice before
buying lash extensions.

Many people depend on their eyesight as the sense they value most. Increase your eye comfort
and protect your vision by keeping your eyes lubricated. Visit an optometrist if the condition
aggravates. If you are looking for an Eye Clinic that prioritizes eye health, call us at one of our
locations to book an appointment and we’ll be happy to assist you.


Vision Therapy is exactly what the name implies—therapy for your eyes. When your
mind or body is suffering, it is recommended for you to receive therapy. The same
sentiment goes for your eyes and vision care.

What Is Vision Therapy?
Vision therapy is a doctor supervised, non-surgical, and customized program of
visual activities designed to correct or improve certain visual skills. It has been
proven to be an effective form of treatment for people that cannot be treated with
eyeglasses or contact lenses alone.

Where glasses and contacts simply compensate for vision problems, vision therapy
attempts to teach the visual system to correct itself. It is preferred in some cases
over eye surgery as it is a gentle and non-invasive approach to correcting eye issues.

How Does Vision Therapy Work?
Vision therapy can include the use of lenses, prisms, filters, computer-assisted visual
activities, and other tools in order to improve vision. However, successful vision therapy is not achieved on a structured list of tools and techniques. Instead, it is
dependent on active engagement of both doctor and patient in order to determine
what is necessary for the patient’s development.

Vision therapy can be used to treat various different eye/ vision conditions such as:
 Strabismus (misaligned eyes)
 Amblyopia (lazy eye)
 Eye movement disorders
 Accommodative (focusing) disorders
 Visual-perceptual disorders
 Vision problems acquired due to brain injury
 And more.

Vision therapy has been proven to be successful because studies have shown that
the human brain can change to function and respond to new stimuli. Neurological
changes associated with learning occur mostly during early childhood, which is why
vision therapy can be extremely effective for children, but it also happens in
adulthood. Vision therapy in this way can still be very effective; it just may take a bit
longer to “teach the old dog new tricks”.

What Vision Therapy Is Not.
It is important to understand that vision therapy does not promise that you will
“never need glasses again” after going through the corrective process. It cannot
necessarily reverse nearsightedness, farsightedness, or other vision issues. Instead
vision therapy’s approach as a full program of professionally developed and
individually tailored techniques aim to help people’s vision problems improve and
relieve them of their discomfort or irritation. It is not the same as sports vision
therapy or reverse learning disabilities.

Vision therapy is a helpful therapeutic program. It is similar to physiotherapy but is
instead a corrective regimen for your eyes instead of your body. If you have certain
eye issues that you would like corrected, vision therapy might be the treatment for
you. Call Dr. D’Orio Eye Care, located in North York 416.661.5555 & Toronto
416.656.2020, and talk to our vision therapy experts to find out what the best
course of action is for you.


The condition of dry eyes is chronic and progressive. Depending on its cause and severity, it may not even be curable in some people. It can be managed, resulting in eye comfort, sharper vision, and fewer dry eye symptoms. 


Dry eyes occur when tears are not able to provide adequate lubrication for your eyes either because they do not produce enough of them or because they are of poor quality. Dry eyes is often caused by dry environments, computer use, reading, schoolwork, and other close viewing situations that require focus for lengthy periods of time.  In this way, you may only experience dry eyes in certain situations/ environments such as on airplanes, in air-conditioned rooms, riding bikes, or looking at screens. 

Different things cause different dry eye symptoms. Environmental stressors such as wind, smoke, and dry air can be causes of increased tear evaporation whereas decreased or poor quality tear production can be caused by aging, medical conditions, side effects of medications, and/or tear duct damage from inflammation. 


If you experience dry eyes, you may feel:


      Stinging or burning sensations

      Stringy mucus in or around your eyes

      Sensitivity to light

      Eye redness

      Sensation of having something in your eyes

      Difficulty wearing contact lenses

      Difficulty driving at night

      Watery eyes (the body’s response to irritation of dry eyes, different from tear production)

      Blurred vision or eye fatigue

      Itchy eyes

      Heavy eyes

      Sore eyes


You can prevent the symptoms of dry eyes by:

      Avoid air blowing into your eyes

      Adding moisture to the air

      Wearing wraparound sunglasses or other protective eyewear

      Taking breaks during long, focused tasks

      Being aware of your environment

      Positioning your computer screen below eye level

      Stop smoking and avoid smoke

      Use artificial tears regularly

When To See a Doctor

See a doctor if you are suffering from these dry eye symptoms and experiencing extreme discomfort and pain. Your optometrist can help you determine the best way to fix your dry eye problem and/or refer you to a specialist if necessary. 

Don’t struggle through the discomfort of dry eyes. This article and your optometrist can help you understand the condition better in order to get appropriate treatment. If you are looking for an Eye Clinic that prioritizes eye health, call us at one of our locations to book an appointment and we’ll be happy to assist you. 


Eye Health is often forgotten about until it starts to fail and become a serious problem. It is never too late to start caring for your eyes and Dr. D’Orio Eye Care encourages eye healthcare to be considered a top priority. This article gives the best tips for keeping your eye health in the best shape possible, gathered by Dr. D’Orio Eye Care Specialists.

Outline your family eye health history to your optometrist. Eye health issues are often hereditary. The more that your optometrist knows about you and your family’s eye health care, the better they will be able to help you by looking out for potential problems.

Use sunglasses for more than just a fashion statement. Be sure to invest in a pair of sunglasses that protect you from blocking out nearly 100% of UVA and UVB rays. This is an important element in maintaining the strength and health of your eyes.

Smoking can cause many different and serious health care problems, including eye problems. Smoking can increase your risk for cataracts and damage to the optics nerves.  Avoid smoking to boost your overall eye health.

Introduce more Omega-3 fatty acids into your diet. Omega-3 fatty acids can reduce symptoms of dry eyes, protect against macular degeneration, and help drainage of intraocular fluid, eye blood pressure, and glaucoma. Some foods that are a high source of Omega-3 fatty acids are halibut, tuna, salmon, and dark, leafy green vegetables.

Excessive blinking is known to be a cause of dry eyes but it can also be caused by stress. If you blink a lot, do not automatically assume you have an eye issue. Try introducing simple relaxation methods into your daily routine. If the blinking issue continues, visit your optometrist.

You are not alone in your eye health care journey. Get a head start on your eye health by not waiting for your vision to fade and using the tips listed above. If you are looking for an Eye Clinic that prioritizes eye health, call us at one of our locations to book an appointment and we’ll be happy to assist you.


North York Office

2100 Finch Ave. W
Suite 304
North York, ON, M3N 2Z9
T 416 661 5555
F 416 661 2594

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Toronto Office

1655 Dufferin St.
Main Floor
Toronto, ON, M6H 3L9
T 416 656 2020
F 416 656 2012

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